2020 FreeNAS component upgrades

To support FreeNAS,  the following upgrades were added to the base SuperMicro 2U chassis.   The approximate Ebay prices are shown.

  • SuperMicro AOC-SLG3-2M2  M.2 adapter card ( $41 )
  • 2 x M.2 NVMe to U.2 (SFF-8639) cable ( $35 each )
  • Intel 400GB DC-PC3700  NVMe U.2 drive  ( $99 )  rated 10DWPD for Slog
  • Intel 1.2 TB DC-P3600 NVMe U.2 drive ( $176 )  rated 3DWPD   for L2ARC
  • 6 x 4TB Western Digital RED 5400RPM NAS HDD ( $90 each )

PCIe to M.2 adapter

pci_m2_adapter
PCIe to M.2 adapter card

Since PCIe to NVME U.2 to adapters don’t support low profile cards needed for this server,  I’ve selected a PCIe to M.2 adapter from SuperMicro.

This normally holds 2 M.2 SSD’s.

Alternatively a Unicaca ANU22PE08 NVME U.2 SFF8643 to SFF8639 NVMe U.2 with Cable Dual Port NVMe might make for easier cable connections.

You’ll notice that these disk adapters are not full controllers.   The NVMe interface is vastly simplified from SCSI and the disks are driven directly from the CPU

M.2 to U.2 cable

M-key_m2TOU2
M-key M.2 to U.2 cable

 

This M.2 (M-key) to U.2 adapter cable is used to connect the U.2 drives to the M.2 card.

A separate power connection is required for each drive.

 

 

 

 

Two NVMe U.2 format disks.

For the ARC cache and ZIL Slog devices,  I’m using U.2 NVMe SSD’s.  Both of these are Data-center drives,  with power failure protection.  The P3700 has extreme write endurance, and 0.2 ms latency.

ssd_disks_labelend
NVMe Drive sandwich

I sandwiched them together with spacers for better air flow as there are no slots in this server for NVMe drives.

  • Intel DC-P3600 1.2TB  (L2ARC)
  • Intel DC-P3700 400GB (Slog)

 

 

 

ssd_disks_wcable
NVMe drives with U.2 to M.2 cables attached.

Here are the two NVMe drives sandwiched together with U.2 adapter cables.  Two power connections visible on the right.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The drives sit on a thin sheet of cardboard (for now) and get plenty of airflow in this location of the server.  Two power cables run up front under the case fans, and get power from a 4 pin moles connector near the SCSI backplane.

ssd_disks
NVMe drive sandwich cabled to M.2 card.

Notes

PCIe Bifurcation

The motherboard PCIe slots have configurable lanes ( x4, x8, x16 , etc )

In the picture above the M.2 adapter card is located on the rightmost PCIe slot which is an X8 slot.   To make this work for the two drives on the M.2 card, the BIOS must be changed (bifurcated) so the indicated slot becomes split into two X4, X4   lanes ( instead of a single X8 ).

Other upgrades

I also purchased the following since this used server may be in use for a while.

SMFan

 

  • Supermicro FAN-0126L4 , 80mm Hot-Swappable Middle Axial Fan 2U 3U 7K RPM
    Spare fan for 6027R  ( $7 )

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